Hypnotherapy works by inducing a trance-like state within a client in which they are fully aware of their surroundings but often can only hear the hypnotherapist's voice. It is not sleep and probably closer to a relaxed state of wakefulness where as the body relaxes, breathing and heart-rate slows and brain-waves change; a state of being bodily relaxed but mentally aware.  It can be likened to daydreaming and the client is always in control.  Once in a this state, a person is subconsciously open to positive suggestions from the hypnotherapist and can effect the changes that will help them to overcome the problem they wish to deal with.  The hypnotic state is a natural state and one that is experienced often in our daily lives, especially when falling asleep at night and awakening in the morning, during the period when one is between waking and sleeping.


Ancient Chinese philosophy states that energy flowing around the body can become blocked and cause illness. One of the theories of reflexology is that the therapy can unblock any trapped energy and allow the body to heal itself. However, other theories on reflexology explain its effects further.

Stress can cause physical problems in the body that leads to injury or disease and reflexology can trigger a relaxation response that reduces this stress and therefore benefits health. Reflexology can also release endorphins (our natural pain killing chemical) into the bloodstream to aid pain relief and give a feeling of well-being. Pressure to the hands and feet during the therapy can increase blood flow and with better circulation oxygen and nutrients present in cells move around the body aiding recovery. This process also removes waste products that may be causing damage.

There are thousands of nerve endings in the hands and feet and by applying pressure to a specific area, other parts of the body can be affected (for instance, pressure to the fingertips affect the head and sinuses). A reflexologist stimulates those areas that relate to the part of the body that is cause for concern, helping to aid the natural healing process.

EFT (Emotional Freedom Technique)

In ancient Chinese philosophy it states that balance of the body, known as Yin and Yang, is regulated by life energy or qi (chi) flowing through meridians under the skin. EFT proposes that 'energy fields' within these channels can be affected by external events that cause negative emotions. Negative emotions disturb the body's energy fields resulting in psychological disorders and phobias.

Emotional Freedom Technique aims to overcome this problem by 'tapping' the body's meridians while thinking about a negative event. The EFT tapping technique is used on 12 precise meridian points on the body (15 if you include the 'karate-chop point', 'gamut spot' and the 'sore spot'). Where Emotional Freedom Technique differs from Thought Field Therapy is that TFT uses algorithms for tapping i.e. a specific sequence of tapping points for a particular problem - the sequence having been identified using muscle testing (kinesiology). EFT uses a comprehensive tapping sequence for all problems.

As the patient taps, the energy field is taken over, or deactivated, and therefore unable to deliver its information to the brain. The patient effectively reverses their negative thoughts or emotions and overcomes their problem.

Ancient Japanese philosophy states that Reiki is a universal life-energy known as Ki (similar to Chinese qi energy). When this spiritual energy becomes blocked in the body it can cause illness. Reiki therapy aims to restore the energy balance by stimulating the body's natural healing response and helping it to overcome physical, mental and emotional problems.

Reiki practitioners channel an energy source and transmit it through their hands to the person being treated. Rather than treating the symptoms, Reiki looks to the cause of the problem. Reiki practitioners believe that illness is rooted in the subconscious and the therapy treats the mind and body as one.

Reiki can be used as way to de-stress the mind and body as well as helping overcome physical problems. It can aid the body in the release of toxins and help stimulate hormone release (responses to injury and stress), circulation (blood pressure and heart rate) and digestion (secretion of gastric acid).